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Basic French Composition - French 2180

Comparing Source Types

 

SCHOLARLY JOURNALS TRADE PUBLICATIONS NEWS/GENERAL INTEREST POPULAR SENSATIONAL/TABLOID
FORMAT Generally have a simple, serious look Are polished in appearance Are attractive in appearance Are generally glossy with an attractive format Are often produced in a cheap magazine or newspaper format
GRAPHICS Contain illustrations, graphs, and charts to provide information Include photographs, illustrations, and graphics to convey information and enhance the publication Include photographs, illustrations, and graphics to enhance the publication Contain photographs, illustrations, and drawings to make them more attractive Contain melodramatic photographs
SOURCES Always cite sources with footnotes and/or bibliographies May cite sources with some articles May cite sources, but rarely Citations are almost never included Citations are not included
AUTHORS Are written by and for scholars or researchers in the specialty Are written for people in a particular industry or profession by someone with knowledge in the field or by the publications's staff Are written for an educated general audience by someone with knowledge in the subject, the publication's staff, or freelance writers Are written by the publication's staff or freelance writers for a broad-based audience Contain articles written by freelance writers or by the publication's staff for an impressionable readership
LANGUAGE Use terminology, jargon and the language of the discipline covered; the reader is assumed to have a similar scholarly background Use terminology and jargon appropriate for for someone with knowledge of a profession or industry; the reader is assumed to have similar knowledge Use language appropriate for an educated readership; they do not emphasize a specialty but do assume a certain level of intelligence Use simple language in order to meet a minimum education level; articles are usually short, with little depth Contain language that is simple and easy to understand; articles often are inflammatory or sensational in tone
PURPOSE To inform, report, or make available original research to the rest of the scholarly world To provide news and other information of interest to people in a particular field Provide general information to a wide audience interested in whatever topic the publication covers Designed to entertain or persuade (often by highlighting products or services for sale to consumers) Arouse curiosity and interest through outrageous headlines and by stretching and twisting the truth
PUBLISHERS Are generally published by a professional society or association or by a for-profit publisher focusing on academic information Are generally published by a professional association or by a for-profit publisher focusing on trade magazines; the publication may be given for "free" to dues-paying members of an association Are generally published by commercial enterprises for profit Are published for profit Are published for profit
ADVERTISING Contain selective advertising Contain advertising targeted to professionals in the field Contain advertising Contain extensive advertising Contain advertising as startling and melodramatic as the articles
EXAMPLES

ANNALS OF SCIENCE

CHAUCER REVIEW

EDUCATIONAL THEORY

SLOAN MANAGEMENT REVIEW

JAMA: THE JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

ENR: ENGINEERING NEWS-RECORD

WORLD PIPELINES

HOSPITALITY

PUBLISHERS WEEKLY

U.S. BANKER

FORBES

FORTUNE

PSYCHOLOGY TODAY

SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN

TIME

BETTER HOMES AND GARDENS

GLAMOUR

PEOPLE WEEKLY

READER'S DIGEST

SPORTS ILLUSTRATED

NATIONAL ENQUIRER

DAILY MAIL

STAR

SUN

Modified from What's the Difference? Scholarly Journals vs. Magazines at https://guides.ucf.edu/scholarlyjournalsvsmagazines